Vascular surgery, also called cardiopulmonary surgery, is a specialized field of medicine that includes cardiothoracic and vascular physiology, as well as the study of the human cardiovascular system. As one of the branches of surgery, it is particularly useful in the treatment of patients who have had bypass surgery. It is also used frequently in the rehabilitation of patients who have undergone cardiac surgeries. Vascular surgeons are involved in treating and preventing a wide range of diseases, including coronary artery disease, mitral valve prolapse, congenital heart disease, circulation disorders, orthopedic injuries, cerebral palsy, and spinal cord injuries. Check Baltimore Vascular Surgery.
Vascular surgery is actually a sub-specialization of cardiopulmonary surgery, in which medical treatment, mainly of the circulatory system, vessels, veins, arteries, and various veins, are handled by specialized medical treatment, usually minimally invasive procedures, catheters, and surgical reconstructive surgery. For the purposes of this article, we will focus our attention on procedures that deal specifically with arteries, as these seem to be the most common and problematic areas of the body. Arteries are the largest vessels in the body, capable of pumping large volumes of blood throughout the body. Injuries to the cardiovascular system may result in restriction of the supply of blood to the extremities, such as the legs and feet.
One of the first procedures that are usually carried out in the hospital when an injury to the cardiovascular system has occurred is carotid artery surgery. Carotid artery surgery, or angioplasty, is the clipping or vacuuming of specific portions of the artery wall, in order to make the vessel more stable and less risky. It is usually recommended to people with severe conditions of hypertension and high blood pressure, as well as people suffering from a family history of cardiovascular disease. It is performed with the use of laser and stent. While it does not cure vascular diseases, it can reduce the symptoms associated with them.
A second procedure commonly performed in the hospital is called lymphangiectomies. During a lymphangiectomy, an incision is made along the lymphatic vessels carrying the lymph fluid. The procedure is similar to that of carotid artery surgery, but instead of the artery being clipped or vacuuming away, the lymph nodes are removed. An alternative treatment, known as radiosurgery, can also be performed in the hospital when there are problems with the lymphatic vessels. This procedure involves injecting anesthetic agent into the vessels directly, without having to cut through the skin.
Finally, the last of the three mentioned procedures deals with the removal of thrombus. Thrombus is the name given to the clot found within arteries as a result of their having been swollen. There are two types of thrombosis: the Deep Vein Thrombus (DVT) and the Carotid Arterial Thrombus (CAT). Depending on which one occurs, the procedure used will vary.
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is the most common form of cerebral palsy, accounting for almost 80% of all cases. It is caused by either infarction of the vera arterioidea or a restriction of blood supply in the brain, which causes a reduction of oxygenation. A surgical procedure called periapical coronary artery bypass (CAAB) may be performed to treat this condition.
Center for Vascular Medicine – Catonsville
1001 Pine Heights Ave. Ste. 202, Baltimore, MD 21229
Phone No: (301) 486-4690